In the kitchen, chefs may define what is a fruit and what is a vegetable quite differently. If you cut the eggplant open, the seeds should be soft but formed. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a member of the nightshade family, bearing edible fruit that range in color and size according to cultivar.The fruit of the most popular European and American varieties are fairly large, reaching a size of 5 to 10 inches (12 … In Andalusia, eggplant is mostly cooked thinly sliced, deep-fried in olive oil and served hot with honey (berenjenas a la Cordobesa). That depends on what perspective you’re looking at, and there are two: culinary or scientific. Get the latest news, updates and recipes in your inbox! In the La Mancha region of central Spain, a small eggplant is pickled in vinegar, paprika, olive oil, and red peppers. lasiocarpum.. Like the tomato, its skin and seeds can be eaten, but, like the potato, it is usually eaten cooked. Eggplant was always attractive to me. , The browning of eggplant flesh results from the oxidation of polyphenols, such as the most abundant phenolic compound in the fruit, chlorogenic acid.. Raw eggplant can have a bitter taste, with an astringent quality, but it becomes tender when cooked and develops a rich, complex flavor. The plant species is believed to have originated in India, where it continues to grow wild, or in Africa. Tsao and Lo in "Vegetables: Types and Biology". Four years should separate successive crops of eggplants to reduce pest pressure. Eggplant is widely used in its native India, for example in sambar (a tamarind lentil stew), dalma (a dal preparation with vegetables, native to Odisha), chutney, curry, and achaar (a pickled dish). © 2020 CookingWithQue. Eggplant casserole is good. In my early 20’s I actually use to walk past eggplant at the vegetable market. Due to its texture and bulk, it is sometimes used as a meat substitute in vegan and vegetarian cuisines. They are steamed, stir-fried, or pan-fried and eaten as banchan (side dishes), such as namul, bokkeum, and jeon. There are shades of gray in between the fruit and vegetable categories, especially when you factor in culinary classifications.  This variety was designed to give the plant resistance to lepidopteran insects such as the brinjal fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) and fruit borer (Helicoverpa armigera). Disclosure: As Amazon Associates we earn from qualifying purchases. Slim cultivars in purple-black skin include 'Little Fingers', 'Ichiban', 'Pingtung Long', and 'Tycoon', In green skin, 'Louisiana Long Green' and 'Thai (Long) Green'. Sometimes I cut eggplant in discs and make small/ veggie pizza’s in the oven. Quick Answer: Why is Eggplant Considered a Fruit? A much wider range of shapes, sizes, and colors is grown in India and elsewhere in Asia. , The eggplant has a special place in folklore. Schuhmacher and Peter Thonning named the eggplant as S. edule, which is also a junior synonym of sticky nightshade (S. sisymbriifolium). All Rights Reserved. What exactly is the difference between a fruit and a vegetable, according to science? It will widen your perspective on food and you will not get in a rut and cook the same food every week. It can be sliced and deep-fried, then served with plain yogurt (optionally topped with a tomato and garlic sauce), such as in the Turkish dish patlıcan kızartması (meaning fried aubergines), or without yogurt, as in patlıcan şakşuka. For this reason, it should generally not be planted in areas previously occupied by its close relatives. In some parts of India, miniature cultivars, most commonly called, This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 17:23. As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to the tomato and potato. From a culinary standpoint, it’s seen as a vegetable because it’s used in savory dishes. Mulching helps conserve moisture and prevent weeds and fungal diseases and the plants benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the day. -Hannah S. ANSWER: If your eggplant produces flowers, but the blooms fall off before they can develop into fruit, there are two main reasons why this could be happening. Early forms include: From these forms came the botanical Latin melongēna.  A book on agriculture by Ibn Al-Awwam in 12th-century Arabic Spain described how to grow aubergines. The plant and fruit have a profusion of English names. Eggplants can also be battered before deep-frying and served with a sauce made of tahini and tamarind. But why is eggplant considered a fruit? In fact, some people think of it as a berry because botanically speaking, that’s what it is. Some other cultivars are white and longer in shape. No matter what you consider an eggplant, though, the bottom line is that they’re a delectable plant that can be used in an amazing variety of recipes. Solanum ovigerum DunalSolanum trongum Poir. Sometimes fried tomatoes and deep-fried potatoes are also added, creating a dish called begun bhorta. Its numerous seeds are small, soft and edible, along with the rest of the fruit, and do not have to be removed. Scopoli's S. zeylanicum refers to the eggplant, and that of Blanco to S. When you buy through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission at no additional cost to you. Eggplant is used in the cuisines of many countries. Also, Asian cultivars of Japanese breeding are grown. Bicolored cultivars with color gradient include 'Rosa Bianca', 'Violetta di Firenze', 'Bianca Sfumata di Rosa' (heirloom), and 'Prosperosa' (heirloom).