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phosphine gas effects

irritation, CNS depression, and cardiovascular collapse. Both yield and ee proved to be dependent on solvent, temperature, and the phosphine employed. As it’s definitely red phosphorus that Walter is using the chemistry is not looking too good. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Establish a preliminary (holding) morgue. risks of secondary contamination; however, persons exposed primarily the cardiovascular and respiratory systems causing In Breaking Bad, Walter White, a down-on-his-luck high school chemistry teacher, finds out he has terminal cancer. Later Walter explains to Jesse “red phosphorus in the presence of moisture and accelerated by heat yields phosphorus hydride … phosphine gas … one good whiff and …”. Phosphine decomposes on heating or on burning, producing toxic fumes. However safe limits are enforced to protect the employees from the phosphine that may be formed in these situations. Assist ventilation as required. There is no antidote for phosphine poisoning. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant STATE or TERRITORY legislation before use. Consult with the Incident Commander regarding the agent dispersed, dissemination method, level of PPE required, location, geographic complications (if any), and the approximate number of remains. 0000001900 00000 n Victims exposed to solid phosphides, which react Skin contact with liquefied or compressed phosphine gas may cause frostbite. La phosphine, hydrure de phosphore, phosphure d'hydrogène, ou phosphane est un composé inorganique du phosphore et de l'hydrogène, de formule PH3. risks of secondary contamination to personnel outside the Phosphine is present as a gas at room temperature, so ingestion is unlikely. The agent may be ignited by heat, sparks, or flames. Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements, or confined areas. The warm zone should include two decontamination corridors. 0000089855 00000 n to produce phosphine, may present secondary contamination difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, headache, dizziness, tremor, or double vision, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or stomach pain. Cardiovascular effects include abnormally low blood pressure (hypotension), irregular heart rhythm (dysrhythmia), and decreased ability of the heart to pump a normal blood volume. diplopia, ataxia, cough, dyspnea, retrosternal discomfort, 0000005268 00000 n Salt Lake City, UT: U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Chemical-resistant boots with a steel toe and shank. Establish intravenous (IV) access if necessary. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Phosphine is extremely flammable and explosive; it may Effects from short-term exposure to high concentrations (greater than 2 ppm) may result in severe lung. By using this site, you agree to its use of cookies. 0000002415 00000 n Avoid allowing water runoff to contact the spilled agent. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tanks. 0000001560 00000 n In cases of respiratory compromise, secure the airway and respiration by inserting a tube within the trachea (endotracheal intubation). There may be kidney injury, shock, heart failure and death. Do not extinguish a leaking gas fire unless the leak can be stopped. Children exposed to aluminium phosphide would be expected to display similar symptoms to those seen in exposed adults. Do not direct water at the spill or the source of the leak. 0000009413 00000 n À température et pression ordinaires, la phosphine est un gaz hautement écotoxique, phytotoxique, hautement toxique pour les mammifères, et « pour lequel il n'existe pas d'antidote ». However, solid phosphides, which react with moisture %PDF-1.3 %���� and pulmonary edema. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. These clinics specialize in 0000004081 00000 n Victims exposed only to phosphine gas do not pose substantial cardiac output, tachycardia, oliguria, anuria, cyanosis, Thoroughly wash and rinse (using cold or warm water) the contaminated skin of the patient/victim using a soap and water solution. Effects of PH 3. 0000014176 00000 n Aluminium phosphide is not thought to be a cancer causing chemical. Do not direct water at the source of the leak or at safety devices; icing may occur. Nervous system effects include seizures and prolonged loss of consciousness (coma). A NIOSH-certified CBRN full-face-piece SCBA operated in a pressure-demand mode or a pressure-demand supplied air hose respirator with an auxiliary escape bottle. See the PPE section of this card for detailed information. 0000124018 00000 n ileus, seizures, and diminished reflexes. pulmonary edema, tachypnea, jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly, For fire involving tanks, fight the fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Make sure to get into all areas, especially folds in the clothing. Direct eye contact with liquefied or compressed phosphine gas, which is unlikely, may cause frostbite. A solution of detergent and water (which should have a pH value of at least 8 but should not exceed a pH value of 10.5) should be available for use in decontamination procedures. 0000043896 00000 n 0000014197 00000 n The reaction is pH-dependent: under mildly acidic conditions, the thiols 127 and 128 were obtained; under neutral or moderately basic conditions, however, the 4-hydroxy-3-mercaptotetrahydrothiophenes 129–131 were formed (Scheme 32). Phosphine is a colorless gas at room for phosphine gas. Almost at once things go badly wrong when two rival gangsters threaten to kill them. Protect personnel P. Phosphine is a respiratory tract irritant that attacks

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