Strayhorn arranged many pieces for the Ellington band, and this undated version of Caravan, playfully labeled "Cara-Vann," was one of them. Drummer Louie Bellson maintains an infectious Latin rhythm underneath it all. TV performance – March, 1952. Johnny Mathis recorded the song in 1956. Duke Ellington Collection, National Museum of American History Archives Center. Yet at the same time, Caravan's rhythms bespeak Tizol's Latin American roots. As a composer, he contributed to Perdido, Conga Brava, Lost in Meditation, and other numbers recorded by Ellington. Caravan is one of the Ellington orchestra's first conscious efforts to incorporate influences from other cultures into its music. Woody Allen used the song in two of his films, Alice and Sweet and Lowdown. Irving Mills wrote lyrics, but they are rarely sung. Caravan Sheet Music, undated. Juan Tizol in 1943. This sheet-music edition, for piano and vocal, was published in 1937. Caravan Sheet Music, 1937. The exotic sound of "Caravan" interested exotica musicians; Martin Denny, Arthur Lyman, and Gordon Jenkins all covered it. Trio performance – September 1962. They are credited to Irving Mills, Ellington’s publisher and manager. In later years, as recordings rose in sales while sheet music declined, publishers often resorted to generic designs, such as this 1960s cover. Seeing which player is assigned which note provides scholars with a much fuller understanding of this piece, and enriches the listening experience for the trained ear. He played it, [the] first ten bars, we took it and worked out the rest of it.". This mem’ry of our caravan. Caravan Score, 1937-40. (3:55) This new arrangement is designed to feature the vocal talents of Ella Fitzgerald, who does two choruses of the lyric, and splits the third chorus with clarinetist Jimmy Hamilton. The exotic sound of "Caravan" interested exotica musicians; Martin Denny, Arthur Lyman, and Gordon Jenkins all covered it. The song appears often in the 2014 film Whiplash as an important plot element. and The Simpsons. Woody Allen used the song in two of his films, Alice and Sweet and Lowdown. Les Paul, Bobby Darin, Phish, and the Latin artists Candido, Tito Puente, and Prez Prado.  Two takes were recorded, of which the first (Variety VA-515-1) was published. My dream of love is coming true Caravan is best-known as an instrumental. This colorful, striking piece insinuates itself into the memory; it naturally became a hit and a standard of the jazz repertory. Upon my shoulder as we creep This is an example of an unwritten or "head" arrangement, worked out on the spot. From Sonny Greer's dramatic opening percussion effects to the final unresolved chord, this classic recording of Caravan paints an intriguing picture of some distant and exotic place. "CARAVAN" song is a "Big Band Jazz" song composed by Juan Tizol and Duke Ellington. Explore this Interactive Document. Within our desert caravan. Its serpentine melody conjures an image of, perhaps, a Middle Eastern snake-charmer's trick, or a camel caravan undulating across the rolling sand dunes. View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the 1959 Vinyl release of Caravan on Discogs. (3:58) This is Ellington’s definitive filmed performance of Caravan. And it was recorded in 1936 with Duke Ellington (piano), Juan Tizol (trombone), Cootie Williams (trumpet), Barney Bigard (clarinet), Harry Carney (baritone sax), Billy Taylor (bass) and Sonny Greer (drums). Caravan has been recorded by a wide variety of It is included in the movies Chocolat, Ocean's Eleven (2001 version), Ocean's Thirteen, the Woody It was made by Snader Telescriptions, a company that provided material to TV stations to fill out their broadcast day. Though the score is undated, the identified individuals help date it to 1937-40, when the above-named were in the band. Ellington first recorded it in 1936 with a septet. In 1937, he recorded it with his big band of sixteen musicians, and this became the best-known version. Allen films Alice and Sweet and Lowdown, and the television programs The O.C. Caravan became something of a hit, and in recognition of its popularity earned an award from the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP), to which Ellington gained membership in 1935. First recording by the Ellington Orchestra – May, 1936. Resting in my arms In the first decades of the 20th century, sheet music sold in large quantities, and publishers could afford to commission illustrations for the covers, as in the first edition of Caravan. That shines upon our caravan. Steven Soderbergh used the Lyman version in his 2001 film Ocean's Eleven. Sleep As I thrill to the magic charms Enriched by the soloists’ syncopations, percussionist Sonny Greer and the two bassists set up a rhythmic juggernaut from beginning to end. After clarinetist Barney Bigard’s eight bars, Williams offers inspired plunger-mute solo. He rarely recorded solos with the band, but his big tone and agility made him a valuable member of the ensemble. Vocal by Ella Fitzgerald with the Ellington Orchestra - June 1957. Caravan Part, Rex, 1936 or 1937. Their more modern style prodded Ellington into vigorous, dissonant, sharp-edged playing, as here on Caravan. (4:15) In 1962, Ellington teamed up with drummer Max Roach and bassist Charles Mingus—who were more than twenty years younger than Ellington—to make the album Money Jungle. "Caravan" is an American jazz standard that was composed by Juan Tizol and Duke Ellington and first performed by Ellington in 1936. Santana's La Fuente del Ritmo from the 1972 album Caravanserai borrows the melodic line of Caravan, although the song is credited to percussionist James Mingo Lewis of Santana.
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