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the name softball dates from

While sports such as rugby and karate were considered, none won the 75 percent favourable vote needed for inclusion. In other leagues, stealing of bases is prohibited. Left fielders must also play a role in any run down situation between third base and home plate or back up any plays that happen at third base in case of an overthrow. No signal is given for balls that are obviously foul and for closer calls that are not borderline; a mere acknowledgement signal is given. The infield is usually "skinned" (dirt), while the outfield has grass in regulation competitions. In the event of a tie, extra innings are usually played until the tie is broken except in certain tournaments and championships. Softball is played in almost every country in Europe, mainly fastpitch. The fundamentals of softball are the same as those of baseball. Decisions about plays are made by umpires, similar to a referee in American football. Some leagues play with a reduced number of innings or with a time limit, rather than the traditional seven innings. For example, depending if the pitcher pitches a fastball, in softball the ball would most likely rise while in baseball because the pitcher is on a hill, the ball would drop. Sixteen-inch softball, also sometimes referred to as "mush ball" or "super-slow pitch" (although the ball is not soft at all), is a direct descendant of Hancock's original game. The center fielder's position is in the middle of the outfield directly behind second base when looking at the field from behind home plate. Players and umpires are generally free to ask for a brief stoppage at any time when the ball is not in play (called a time out), or immediately following a play once its outcome is clear. In the most common type, slow-pitch softball, the ball, which can measure either 11 inches, for a women's league, or 12 inches, for a men's league, in circumference, must arch on its path to the batter, and there are 10 players on the field at once. In this case the four outfielders are spaced equidistantly and play at roughly the same depth. There is no limit to the number of batters a team may have available, although only so many can bat in one inning. Catchers are strong, need to be smart and quick on their feet, and have accurate throws so they can pick runners off at each base. In these cases there is typically a white line drawn approximately 1/3 of the way down the baseline that is considered a point of no return. Rober may not have been familiar with the Farragut Club rules. It became known in the United States by various names, such as kitten ball, mush ball, diamond ball, indoor–outdoor, and playground ball. Pitches may reach high speeds: At the 1996 Summer Olympics one pitch reached 73.3 miles per hour (118 kilometers per hour). The point at which a runner can steal a base varies. Although many people assume that softball was derived from baseball, the sport’s first game actually came about because of a football game. The regulation playing field for softball includes a diamond-shaped area with 60-foot (18.3-metre) baselines. Yellow is the color of official NCAA and NAIA softballs. The SEC (college ball), however, claims that if any part of the batter's foot is out of the box when she makes contact, she is out and the play is dead. The players take the positions of pitcher, catcher, first baseman, second baseman, shortstop, third baseman, and outfielder. [24], In slow pitch, the catcher must wear a helmet, chest protector and mask at youth levels. [31] Lastly, painting bats is done because competitors purchase "illegal" bats that are dangerous and hazardous to the opposing team. At some tournaments there might be a rules interpreter or Tournament Chief Umpire (TCU) (also known as the Umpire In Chief, or UIC) available to pass judgment on such protests, but it is usually up to the league or association involved to decide if the protest would be upheld. [33] However, in recreational and church leagues, these sizing rules do not apply, and everyone wears their own glove at a size that fits their hand. Starting in the top of the last inning, the batting team starts with a base-runner on second base, which is the player who is the last available to bat (in other words, the batter who last took their position in the batter's box; regardless whether they were the last out or another runner was put out). Many high schools and colleges have sports programs which include softball. [66][67] The current Junior Women's World Champion is the United States. Yellow softballs are fast becoming the standard for all levels of play for girls' and women's play in particular. This last rule is rarely enforced as players who break rules after being warned are usually removed. Located in foul territory outside both baselines are two coach's boxes. In 1996 a women’s softball competition was added to the Olympic Games. The batter usually steps forward with the front foot, the body weight shifts forward, as the batter simultaneously swings the bat. The third baseman is the position on the right side of the diamond when you are facing home plate. The tournament in each category is held every four years—two years from 2010. Pitches can travel at speeds of more than 65 mph. All Rights Reserved. Foul balls are called by extending both arms up in the air with a verbal call of "foul ball", while fair balls are indicated only by pointing towards fair territory with no verbal call. The distinction is not absolute and there can be gradations within each. A batted ball which hits the ground within the diamond is a "ground ball". Pitchers also throw knuckle balls which are generally slower and move erratically. However, if the teams are tied at the end of the seventh inning, the game can go into extra innings, until the tie is broken. In fastpitch, the runner is allowed to begin stealing a base when the ball is released from the "windmill" pitching motion, but until recently, stealing was forbidden in slow pitch because a runner has the opportunity to get a larger head start while the slow pitch is making its way to the batter. • The name softball dates back to 1926. Do not panic, this article offers a diverse list of softball team names and creative ways on how to come up with a team name for your softball group. A forfeit may be called due to any of these circumstances: if a team does not show up to play; if one side refuses to continue play; if a team fails to resume play after a suspension of play ends; if a team uses tactics intended to unfairly delay or hasten the game; if a player removed from the game does not leave within one minute of being instructed to do so; if a player that cannot play enters the game and one pitch has been thrown; if a team does not have, for whatever reason, enough players to continue; or if after warning by the umpire, a player continues to intentionally break the rules of the game. The second baseman plays in between the first baseman and second base itself, usually closer to second base. A fence running between the baselines defines the limits of the field; distance from home plate to the fence varies by field. This rule encourages pitchers to be more responsible with the pitch and catchers to play defense, as balls which miss the catcher are now grounds to have stolen bases. The defense may decide to allow a run if it can achieve one or multiple outs. The 117th meeting of the International Olympic Committee, held in Singapore in July 2005, voted to drop softball and baseball as Olympic sports for the 2012 Summer Olympics, but will be back in the 2021 Summer Olympics in Tokyo.[22]. High school athletes are sometimes permitted to wear metal cleats, such as in Ohio.[34]. [14] Under the name of "Indoor-Outdoor", the game moved outside in the next year, and the first rules were published in 1889.[14]. Behind home plate is a 'backstop'. Currently, the USSSA program is run out of Viera, FL. At the back of the uniform, an Arabic numeral from numbers 0 through 99 must be visible. The center fielder is part of a group of two other fielders that make up the outfield. [11] The 1996 Olympics also marked a key era in the introduction of technology in softball. A field is officially required to have a warning track between 15 and 12 feet (5 and 4 meters) from the outfield fence. In some leagues and organizations, four outfield players are utilized by each team. The rule now states that as long as any part of the batter's foot is in the box the ball will stay live. There is less time for the base runner to get to first while the opponent fields the ball; yet, the fielder has less time to field the ball while the opponent is running down to first base. After hitting the ball the batter may advance as many bases as possible. Helmets and cages that are damaged or altered are forbidden.

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