Socrates was born in Alopeke. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/greece/5469193/Socrates-trial-and-execution-was-completely-justified-says-new-study.html. Unsurprisingly, this proposition angered the jury and was promptly rejected. As I established above, the greater weight of the evidence from the documents show that Socrates was convicted and executed for his arrogant behavior (9), for corrupting the youth of the city with his teachings of new ideas and attempts to implement those new ideas in Athens (6), and relatedly, his involvement in The Thirty Tyrants (2). He also corrupted the youth with his ideas and new beliefs that he presented to them through stories(13). Socrates, an unconventional thinker who questioned the legitimacy and authority of many of the accepted gods, fitted that bill. He even told everyone that he was superior to the politicians(14). He stated Here is one wiser than me. True. Athenians believed they practiced wild and disrespectful behaviors(9). In "The Clouds," Socrates is portrayed as a remote, haughty teacher who turned away from the state-supported Greek religion to … The court believed that his interrogation of prominent Athenians and holier, or in this case, wiser-than-thou attitude was disrespectful and insulting. Socrates’ Apology, as recorded by Plato, suggested that Socrates was a headstrong, stubborn and pompous man(14). Many agreed that Socrates educated the two men but the real argument was whether or not Socrates’ education contributed to Alcibiades and Critias’ treachery. In his dispelling of the myth, Waterfield (2009) stressed on dramatic events in the ancient Greek history preceding the charges, trial, and execution of Socrates. Socrates is a revered figure and an intellectual hero to many to this day. In support of his vision, Plato cited the words of Socrates about death being a state of nothingness characterized by the migration of the soul from the human world to another place. Longenecker, R. N. (1998). Why did the Athenians convict and execute Socrates. 5. Ahrensdorf, P. J. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. Gadfly. Specifically, the fourth century BC Athens were accused of breaching the proclaimed freedom of speech and sending a person to death to simply get rid of him (Waterfield, 2009). But you said I was the wisest. By way of one example, in Socrates trial, he was given the opportunity to propose his own punishment. Despite different perspectives on reasons of Socrates’s death, both authors produced a valuable insight into the historic event substantiating the position and decision of Athens. This debate exhibits the importance of Socrates’ corruption of the youth as a central premise of why the Athenians executed Socrates. However the question of why was Socrates executed is thoughtful until now. In Socrates’ case, the situation is no different. The Athenians also convicted Socrates for corrupting the youth. A famous painting named “The Death of Socrates” has been widely known for the longest. By 399 BC, Alcibiades was killed for his violent and anti-democratic politics. Behind The Death of Socrates By Katherine Willmore, Plato’s Socrates View On Civil Disobedience, Development of Democracy as Political Theory. Many agreed that Socrates educated the two men but the real argument was whether or not Socrates’ education contributed to Alcibiades and Critias’ treachery. Plato lived in Athens from 429 … “In a pure democracy, the will of the majority is sovereign, not the law, not the state. True. © 2017 - document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); ukessaynow. I think this is true, but I don't remember exactly. Being a mentor to the leaders of The Thirty Tyrants, Alcibiades and Critias, Socrates convinced the Athenians that he was associated with their poor behavior. Get your personal promo code to your e-mail! While there were some people that disliked Socrates for his outrageous philosophical ideas and beliefs, he did have many loyal followers, primarily his scholars and wealthy Athenian elites. Who is the I trying to create a life full of genuinity and fulfillment? This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. (1995). In 399 BC, the Greek philosopher Socrates was executed by being forced to drink hemlock. The myth is that Socrates was unjustly executed for his teachings and his commitment to truth. In 2009, Professor of the Cambridge University, Paul Cartledge, asserted the historical misreading of the ancient event, which in fact was legally just, as Socrates was guilty in his charges against communal good. This made the town mad, they disliked him and thought of him as foolish and inappropriate for challenging them. The belief grew in its strengths in response to the severe persecution of Socrates’s associates soon after his execution. However, by understanding Socrates intentions, it is clear that he was in fact innocent of the above charges, and was wrongly accused and executed.Socrates was executed after a trial in which he was accused of corrupting the youths of Athens, and committing acts of impiety. 800-500 V. Political theory is […], During his trial, Socrates said that he would rather not live than be denied the right and the freedom to live a virtuous life. In the story, one of the caveman went out to experience new things and came back to share his experiences with the others in the cave, but was rejected as crazy and executed(13). In addition, Socrates constantly questioned those who seemed wiser than him(14). All rights reserved. Johnson, S. (2009, June 8). He had the chance to escape, but refused to do so. Accusers blamed Socrates for the wrongdoings caused by The Thirty Tyrants. De Agostini / Biblioteca Ambrosiana / Getty Images. There are many reasons cited for the trial and execution of Socrates, but in the end, it came down to three main reasons. In the fifth century BC, Athens was defeated in the war against Sparta, which caused significant financial and human losses. He was a corrupter of youth, he was teaching them values and beliefs that were contr… The argument has its truth and worth consideration for a boost the death of Socrates gave to the development of philosophy. Many agreed that Socrates educated the two men but the real argument was whether or not Socrates’ education contributed to Alcibiades and Critias’ treachery. This debate exhibits the importance of Socrates’ corruption of the youth as a central premise of why the Athenians executed Socrates. The story showed students that by venturing beyond, and questioning belief systems, new concepts could be learned. In other words, the centuries-long accusations of Athens in injustice towards Socrates contributed to the formation of philosophy as a discipline. The comic playwright Aristophanes was a contemporary of Socrates, and he addressed some of Socrates' issues in his play "The Clouds," which was staged only once in 423 BCE and 24 years before the execution. Personal 15% discount on your first order. Why Was Socrates Executed? In 399 B.C.E., a tragedy befell the ancient world: the great philosopher Socrates was executed and convicted. This proposition was foolish and inappropriate. According […], The rule of contractual was something Plato’s believed in and stood by it ever since the education he received along with other advantages that the state offered to its people, […], Everyone’s life is extremely valuable. Faced with the opportunity to flee Athens and escape execution, Socrates discusses his relationship with the state. On the charge of impiety, Socrates could assemble a better defense. Contrary to this belief, during his trial, Socrates said to not be apart of the Sophists and gave proof of his efforts to promote virtue and glorify the behavior from Athenians. The Telegraph. Both Plato and Xenophon have him stressing his piety with sincerity. Therefore, it is clear that to […], One of the biggest questions we ask ourselves on a daily, is who am I? Socrates was accused of "refusing to recognize the gods recognized by the state" and of "corrupting the youth."
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